The backhoe loader was invented in the UK in 1953 by JCB. Although based on a tractor, a backhoe loader was and is almost never called a tractor when both the loader and the backhoe are permanently attached. Backhoe loaders are also not generally used for towing and usually do not have a power take-off (PTO) as often this is used to drive the hydraulic pump operating the attachments. When the backhoe is permanently attached, the machine usually has a seat that can swivel to the rear to face the hoe controls. Removable backhoe attachments almost always have a separate seat on the attachment itself.
In Britain, Ireland and India they are commonly referred to simply as JCBs due to the company being the first manufacturer in the UK and major supplier. In the United States, they are often referred to as "Backhoes", although the term 'backhoe' only refers to one component. In Russia they are referred as excavator – loader
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